What is it and what causes it?
Contact dermatitis is a common type of rash occurring as a result of irritation to the skin. It causes redness, itching and inflammation to the exposed area after coming in to contact with a particular irritant, such as a chemical or allergen.
Rashes may differ depending on the harshness of the irritant and affected area of skin and while most will subside relatively quickly, others may be longer-lasting and require more intensive treatment. Treatment options include;
- Calamine lotion or hydrocortisone creams to soothe the skin and reduce itchiness.
- Antihistamine medications may be used to reduce the symptoms of an allergic response.
- Prescription medications and topical creams may be required for more severe or persistent presentations.
- Allergy patch testing may be beneficial to determine the exact causative agent of recurrent episodes of dermatitis.